Guide Zeus (Gods and Heroes of the Ancient World)

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Wikipedia has an article about: Zeus. Categories :. Cancel Save. Zeus is a Greek major god. Villagers generate favor Infantry units do double damage to buildings. Trivia Edit Zeus was the only major god available in the demo. Mythology Edit " The youngest son of the Titans Kronos and Rheia , he was hidden by his mother when Kronos learned of the prophecy that one of his sons would supplant him as ruler of the world. Classical Age. Heroic Age.

Olympics Mythology - Zeus, Athena and Apollo

Mythic Age. Zeus Hades Poseidon.

Athena Hermes Ares. Apollo Dionysus Aphrodite. Hera Hephaestus Artemis. Ra Isis Set. Bast Ptah Anubis. Hathor Sekhmet Nephthys. Osiris Horus Thoth. Thor Odin Loki. Freyja Heimdall Forseti. Dikte on the island of Crete where he was raised by the primeval goddess Gaia Earth , or in some versions by the Nymphs. Amongst these was the Nymph Amaltheia in some versions of the myth she was a goat who suckled the young god.

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On reaching adulthood Zeus made Cronus cough back up the children he had swallowed and Zeus then married his sister Hera. However, the lawless Titans, encouraged by Gaia, immediately tried to wrestle control of the world from the Olympian gods in a ten-year battle known as the Titanomachy. The Titans were the brothers and sisters of Cronus and it was only through the help of the Cyclopes - who made Zeus his lightning bolts - and the hundred-handed giants or Hecatoncheires Briareos, Cottus and Gyges that Zeus was finally able to imprison the Titans in Tartarus, the deepest part of the Underworld.

Making himself ruler of the skies, Zeus then gave dominion over the seas to Poseidon and of the Underworld to Hades. The Olympians still could not reign peacefully, though, for Gaia then enlisted the help of the terrible and savage Giants to battle with Zeus in the Gigantomachy. The Olympians were this time helped by the great hero Hercules and, after Zeus outwitted Gaia in her attempt to give the giants a magic herb, they once again won the battle for control of the world, not however, before the Giants had created great destruction by moving mountains, islands and rivers.

The Father was, however, freed by one of the Hecatoncheires and the status quo restored. Although first married briefly it seems to the Titan Metis and then married to Hera, Zeus was infamous for his adulterous affairs, during which he often transformed himself into various incarnations to bed his prey. He, therefore, had many offspring:. He also turned ants into the magnificent fighting Myrmidons for his son Aiakos, later to be led by Achilles in the Trojan War.

Top 10 Heroes of Greek Mythology

The god was also the great punisher. Those who did wrong or committed acts of impiety were severely punished, often for all time. The Titans were imprisoned in Tartarus and after acts of impiety against Zeus, Apollo and Poseidon were made to build the magnificent walls of Troy which proved so useful in the Trojan War. An explanation for the war in mythology was that Zeus sought to curb the rising population of humanity.

Zeus also selected Paris as the judge in the famous beauty contest between Aphrodite , Hera and Athena, and when the young prince won Helen as his reward for choosing Aphrodite it was cited as another, more human cause for the Trojan War. Atlas had to support the heavens for eternity because of his role in the Titanomachy. Sisyphus , punished for his trickery, was condemned to forever roll a huge stone up a hill in the Underworld.

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Phineus, who was tricked by Hera into blinding his two sons, was himself blinded by Zeus who also sent the Harpies to continuously harass him. Ixion rashly declared his love for Hera and so Zeus banished him to Hades to be forever bound to a rotating wheel.

Lycaon gave human flesh to Zeus to test his divinity and the god punished his impudence by turning him into a wolf.

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Salmoneus thought he was a god and pretended to be Zeus by throwing flaming torches for lightning bolts and riding his chariot to make a noise like thunder but Zeus swiftly put a stop to his antics by killing him instantly with a real lightning bolt. The list goes on but the message is clear, wrong-doing and lack of respect would be severely punished.

Despite the terrible punishments Zeus could inflict he was also a peacemaker, famously reconciling Apollo and Hermes when they fought over the first lyre. Similarly, Zeus resolved the conflict between Apollo and Hercules over the tripod from Delphi. He also persuaded Hades to part with Persephone for part of each year and so end the terrible drought her mother Demeter had caused for the human race in protest at being held captive in the Underworld.

For mere mortals, Zeus was at least fair-minded. At his feet Zeus had the jars of Fate - one full of bad things, another full of good things and he dispensed both with justice. Zeus had an oracle, the oldest in fact, at Dodona in northern Greece where ascetic priests served an oracle which interpreted the sounds from the wind in the branches of the sacred oak trees and the babbling of water from the holy spring. Another great sanctuary dedicated to Zeus was at Olympia where every four years from BCE the Olympic Games drew crowds from all parts of the Greek world to honour the father of the gods and where oxen were sacrificed to Zeus at the end of each Games.

Also at Olympia, the massive 5th century BCE temple of Zeus housed the gigantic gold and ivory statue of the god by Pheidias which was one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. Other important sacred sites for the god were on Mt. There were surprisingly few festivals in honour of Zeus, one was the Diasia of Athens. Generally, though, Zeus, as head of the Greek pantheon , was omnipresent and so made no particular attachments to specific cities. Zeus was, however, worshipped in most family homes where an altar was often dedicated to him in each courtyard, for as Zeus Herkeios, he protected the family hearth and property in general.

He was also Zeus Xenios, the god of hospitality, Zeus Polieus, protector of cities, Zeus Horkios guardian of oaths and Zeus Soter, the protector and general benefactor to all. In Greek art Zeus is almost always bearded and carries either a lightning bolt or sceptre. He was also strongly associated with bulls, oak trees and eagles, one of the latter sometimes appears at his side when he does not have his lightning bolt or sceptre.

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Zeus is a central figure in the east pediment of the Parthenon but without doubt the most majestic representation of the god is the bronze statue from Artemesium BCE where he confidently stands, feet wide apart, about to launch a thunderbolt. Some scholars believe the figure is Poseidon but the art historian J. Boardman presents the convincing argument that the stance is much more familiar to representations of Zeus in Greek art see the Dodona statue and if the figure held a trident much longer than a thunderbolt it would obscure the face, an undesirable aesthetic consequence for Greek sculpture.

Greek pottery is another rich source of the myths involving Zeus, in particular scenes representing his many metamorphoses and Zeus also appeared on many coins, notably those of Elis.


Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication. We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers. Become a Member. Cartwright, M. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Cartwright, Mark.